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Hi everyone! First of all you wanted to apologize for this text is a little too big, but you wanted to talk about my country, Portugal! Who ever came here, should come, because despite being a small country is very beautiful! I`m waiting for you! : D
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a unitary sovereign country located in southwestern Europe, whose territory is situated in the west of the Iberian Peninsula and islands in the North Atlantic. The Portuguese territory has a total area of 92,090 km ² and is bordered to the north and east by Spain and the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean, comprising the mainland and two autonomous regions: the Azores and Madeira. Portugal is the nation`s most western European continent. The country`s name comes from its second largest city, Porto, whose Latin name was Portus Cale.
The territory within the current borders of the Portuguese Republic has been continuously inhabited since prehistoric times, occupied by Celts, like the Galician and Lusitanian, was built in the Roman Republic and later colonized by Germanic peoples, like the Suevi and the Visigoths and in the eighth century the lands were conquered by the Moors. During the Christian reconquest was formed Portucalense, first as part of the Kingdom of Galicia and then integrated into the Kingdom of Leon With the establishment of the Kingdom of Portugal in 1139, whose independence was recognized in 1143, and stabilization of borders in 1249, Portugal became the oldest nation state in Europe.
In the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries, as a result of pioneering in the Age of Discovery (see: Portuguese Discoveries), Portugal Western influence expanded and established an empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia, Oceania and South America, becoming the economic power , most important political and military around the world. The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history and also the most durable of the European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years of existence, from the conquest of Ceuta in 1415 until the handover of Macao to China in 1999. However, the international importance of the country was greatly reduced during the nineteenth century, especially after the independence of Brazil, its largest colony. After the Revolution of 1910, the monarchy was overthrown and started the First Portuguese Republic, whose instability culminated in the establishment of an authoritarian regime, the Estado Novo. Representative democracy was instituted after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, which ended the Portuguese Colonial War, when the last overseas provinces of Portugal became independent, the most prominent Angola and Mozambique.
Portugal is now a developed country with a Human Development Index (HDI) considered very high. The country is ranked at 19. Th in quality of life, is one of the best health systems of the planet and is also one of the most globalized nations and peaceful world. It is a founding member of the United Nations (UN), European Union (including the Eurozone and the Schengen Area) of the Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). Portugal also participates in several peacekeeping missions of the United Nations.
P.S:Sorry the image is written in Portuguese! Enjoy and learn a little bit!
Source link: http://www.portugal.com