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Paris is the capital and most populous city in France, as well as the administrative capital of the region of Île-de-France. The city is situated in a meander of the Seine in central Paris basin, confluent between the Marne and the Seine upstream, and the Oise and the Seine river. As the ancient capital of an empire stretched across five continents, it is now the capital of the francophone world.
The position of Paris at a crossroads between land and river trade routes in the heart of a rich agricultural region to become one of the major cities in France during the tenth century, benefited from royal palaces, wealthy abbeys and a cathedral. Throughout the twelfth century, Paris became one of the first European outbreaks of education and art. In setting up the real power in the city, its economic and political importance has continued to grow. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, Paris was the most important city of the western world.
Source link: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris