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The Monumento dos Descobrimentos, popularly known as the Padrão dos Descobrimentos, is located in the town of Belem, the city and district of Lisbon, Portugal.
Prominently on the right bank of the Tejo river, the monument was erected to honor the elements involved in the process of the Portuguese Discoveries.
The original monument was commissioned by the regime of António de Oliveira Salazar to Telmo Cottinelli the architect (1897-1948) and sculptor Leopoldo de Almeida (1898-1975), for the Portuguese World Exhibition (1940), and was dismantled in 1958.
The current monument is a replica was erected in concrete with stone sculptures of lioz, standing 50 meters tall. It was inaugurated in 1960 in the context of the celebrations of the five hundred years since the death of Infante D. Henrique the Navigator.
The monument is in the shape of a stylized caravel, with shield and sword Portugal sides of the Royal House of Avis on the entry. D. Henrique the Navigator, stands at the bow, with a caravel in his hands. In two rows descendants, on each side of the monument are statues of heroes linked to Portuguese Discoveries. On the western side are the poet Camões, with a copy of Os Lusiadas, the painter Nuno Gonçalves with a palette as well as famous navigators, cartographers and kings.
Here`s the full list of 33 personalities depicted in the monument:
Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra (son of King João I of Portugal)
Filipa de Lencastre
Fernão Mendes Pinto (writer)
Frei Gonçalo de Carvalho
Frei Henrique Carvalho
Luís de Camões (the poet author of Os Lusiadas)
Nuno Gonçalves (painter)
Gomes Eanes de Zurara (chronicler)
Pero da Covilha (travelers can)
Jehuda Cresques (cosmographer)
Pero Escobar (navigator)
Pedro Nunes (mathematical)
Pero de Alenquer (navigator)
Gil Eanes (navigator)
João Gonçalves Zarco (navigator)
Fernando, the Infante Santo (son of King João I of Portugal)
Prince Henrique the Navigator
Afonso V of Portugal
Vasco da Gama
Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia (navigator)
Pedro Álvares Cabral (discoverer of Brazil)
Fernão de Magalhães
Nicolau Coelho (navigator)
Gaspar Corte-Real (navigator)
Martim Afonso de Sousa (navigator)
João de Barros
Estêvão da Gama (sea captain)
Bartolomeu Dias (discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope)
António Abreu (navigator)
Afonso de Albuquerque
St. Francisco Xavier (mission)
Cristovao da Gama (captain)
The north of the monument a rose-of-winds of 50 meters in diameter, drawn on the floor, was a gift from South Africa in 1960. The central map, dotted galleons and mermaids, shows the routes of the discoverers in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Inside the monument there is an elevator that goes up to the sixth floor and a staircase that goes up to the top where a beautiful panorama unfolds in Belém and the Tejo River. The basement is used for temporary exhibitions.
One of the most exciting prospects of the monument can be seen from the west, in the light of sunset.
*note: picture is mine.