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The Mosteiro dos Jerónimos is a monastery Manueline, monumental testimony of the richness of the Portuguese Discoveries. It is located in Belém, Lisbon, at the entrance of the Tejo river. It is the highest point of Manueline and the most remarkable set century monastic XVI in Portugal and one of the main-hall churches of Europe.
Noteworthy is its cloister, complete in 1544, and the southern gate of complex geometric design, facing the Tejo river. The decorative elements are filled with symbols of the art navigation and sculptures of exotic plants and animals. The monument is considered World Heritage by UNESCO, and on July 7, 2007 he was elected as one of the seven wonders of Portugal.
Commissioned by King Manuel I. shortly after Vasco da Gama had returned from his trip to India was largely financed by the profits of the spice trade. The location chosen by the river in Santa Maria de Belém, in 1502 starts to work with several architects and builders, including Diogo Boitaca (part of the initial plan and execution) and João de Castilho (new plan, and the vaults of the naves transept - this network with a star-shaped ribs -, pillars, door south cloister, sacristy and facade) that replaces the first in 1516/17. During the reign of João III was added to the choir.
The name derives from having been delivered to the Order of São Jerónimo, it established until 1834. Survived the 1755 earthquake but was damaged by invading French troops sent by Napoleon Bonaparte in the early nineteenth century.
Includes, among others, the tombs of kings D. Manuel I and his wife, D. Maria, D. João III and his wife D. Catarina, D. Sebastião and D. Henrique and even those of Vasco da Gama, Luís Vaz de Camões, and Alexandre Herculano Fernando Pessoa.
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*note. pictures are mine