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For beauty as a characteristic of a person`s appearance, see Physical attractiveness. For other uses, see Beauty (disambiguation).
Rayonnant rose window in Notre Dame de Paris. In Gothic architecture, light was considered the most beautiful revelation of God.Beauty (also called prettiness, loveliness or comeliness) is a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction. Beauty is studied as part of aesthetics, sociology, social psychology, and culture. An "ideal beauty" is an entity which is admired, or possesses features widely attributed to beauty in a particular culture, for perfection.
The experience of "beauty" often involves the interpretation of some entity as being in balance and harmony with nature, which may lead to feelings of attraction and emotional well-being. Because this can be a subjective experience, it is often said that "beauty is in the eye of the beholder."
There is evidence that perceptions of beauty are evolutionarily determined, that things, aspects of people and landscapes considered beautiful are typically found in situations likely to give enhanced survival of the perceiving human`s genes.
The classical Greek noun for "beauty" was , kallos, and the adjective for "beautiful" was , kalos. The Koine Greek word for beautiful was , hraios, an adjective etymologically coming from the word , hra, meaning "hour". In Koine Greek, beauty was thus associated with "being of one`s hour". Thus, a ripe fruit (of its time) was considered beautiful, whereas a young woman trying to appear older or an older woman trying to appear younger would not be considered beautiful. In Attic Greek, hraios had many meanings, including "youthful" and "ripe old age