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Effects of stress on the skin
When a person is very stressed, levels of cortisol - the stress hormone - increase. These, in turn, cause an increase in sebum production of the skin, which results in the form of oily skin, acne and other skin problems. "Even patients whose skin is not usually affected by acne tend to develop temporary stress-related acne due to increased oiliness of the skin by the body," explains dermatologist.
On the effects of stress on the skin, a study Psychological stress perturbs epidermal permeability Barrier Homeostasis found that stress has a negative effect on the function of protection that the skin plays, resulting in water loss that inhibits the skin`s ability to repair It is after injury. "Stress also decreases the skin`s natural moisture, making it dry and rough, which can cause rashes with itching, flaking and redness," says Christine Chapman.
The study involving 27 students of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy examined how periods of higher stress (in this case, during final examinations) impacted the skin response to repeated injury caused by placing a tape in the forearms of individuals versus periods lower stress (such as in back from vacation). The researchers found that during periods of increased stress, the skin took longer to recover than in periods less stressful.
Stress is also a known trigger and can be an aggravating factor for psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis.
Effects of stress on the hair
Stress affects people differently, some may develop an ulcer, or have a heart attack, others may lose their hair. There are many reasons for hair loss in men and women, but stress may be the primary reason for unexplained hair loss, called effluvium. "When someone is under stress, your hair may start falling. Hair loss can occur up to three months after a stressful event. After the initial hair loss, hair usually grows in 6-9 months, "explains Christine Chapman.
Major lifestyle changes, such as a delivery or surgery may also cause hair loss. Because during the recovery of the body, the body focuses entirely on healing and hair growth may stop.
"Hair loss is a normal response to stress, but patients should consult a dermatologist for proper evaluation to rule out other medical causes. It is also recommended to avoid restrictive diets without medical supervision, where only one or two foods are allowed, because poor nutrition and extreme or rapid weight loss may also result in effluvium, "advises Christine Carvalho, who is also head of Phototherapy Course Postgraduate in Dermatology Foundation`s Healthy Skin Institute BWS.
Effects of stress on the nails
The nails often can reveal outward signs of stress in the case of people who develop the nervous habit of biting and / or biting your nails. "Another habit of the stress that affects the nails are the people who rub their fingers over their thumb nail, which can create a ridge across the nail. This friction causes a distortion of the nail plate, and when the nail grows, a raised ridge is formed in the middle of the nail. Peeling or brittle nails are also a common side effect of stress, "says the director of the CDE.
In addition to physical or emotional stress, certain diseases and chemotherapy can cause the appearance of horizontal white lines on nails.
Stress management includes treatment
Sometimes, patients with skin problems in the nails, skin or hair are not aware that their habits, their mannerisms or their stress are the root of your aesthetic problem.
In addition to the direct physiological effects, patients under stress also tend to neglect or abuse their skin. "For example, they often lack energy and motivation to adhere to treatment and may also show signs of stress-related behaviors - such as scratching, pulling or rubbing - that can aggravate the problems. Therefore, it is essential to help patients cope better with some diseases such as eczema, acne, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis where outward symptoms are obvious. In these cases, dermatological traditional therapies must be used in conjunction with appropriate therapies for the management of stress for the successful treatment of these skin conditions "
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