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Cape Verde is an island nation African archipelago of volcanic origin, consisting of ten islands. Is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 640 km west of Dakar, Senegal. Other neighbors are Mauritania, Gambia and Guinea-Bissau, ie all along the coast of West Africa which extends from Cape Blanco to Bijagos islands. Interestingly, Cape Verde, which gives name to the country lies not in it, but hundreds of miles east, near Dakar, Senegal.
It was discovered in 1460 by Diogo Gomes in the service of the Portuguese crown, he found the islands uninhabited and seemingly without evidence of previous human presence. Was colony of Portugal from the fifteenth century until its independence in 1975.
Source link: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabo_Verde